BRITISH CULTURAL HISTORY
THE EFFECTS OF COLONIZATION ON BRITISH CULTURAL LIFE
Since a human being is a social entity, it is constantly in interaction. Through interaction and communication, it recognizes each other, takes examples from each other, and is affected. Colonization is an example of this process. Throughout the Colonial history of Britain, millions of people, someone forced while the others looking for better living conditions, traveled too far distances through the world. The shifting workers to go where they were needed, this process repeated so many times and it is named “colonization.” Since the Britain Empire had great interactions between other countries because of explorations and its possessions, it had great power over them. Owing to active communication, people’s perspectives on life, actions, language, and habits changed. In this way, culture was also affected by these mutual effects and differences in belief, law, morality, art, and literature.
Firstly, England has great confidence with its power because speaking of English and dominated and repressive attitudes increase towards other countries. This power of policy and confidence has supported to attribute its social and cultural life. In that way, repressive cultures occurred, it is a kind of imperialism. On the one hand, colonization has had some advantages like increasing interactions between cultures and developments. On the other hand, colonization has had some disadvantages like creating political disagreements. Owing to awareness of individual freedom, the ideology of individualism grows. For this reason, there are agreements and also disagreements about political and individual senses.
Individuality highlights the importance of independence, and this ideology has supported the independent republic and led to the American Revolution. Later, it appeared a new improvement in education which was the Education Act. It gave the same rights to all children, the right to education. And also technological improvements were seen. Iron, coal steel was replaced by new technological engines. In that way, factories have improved and laborers’ conditions. All these improvements affected the other side of science, such as music, art, education, and health conditions.
Secondly, Colonialism’s ideology is closely similar to imperialism by way of using their power to ruin and exploit. England’s competition with the desire for power begins with using trade. They want to discover new places and ruin them. Because of this desire, trade improves and they ruin many more places under the control of their power. New colonies appeared and they meant “new and raw materials” for the empire. In that way, cultural effects arise between these natural resources, inexpensive labor, and empire. Thanks to physical and psychological interaction, there are so many effects on culture such as language, beliefs, traditions, and customs. Britain imposes its culture and ideologies on the exploited states through its power. While Britain had a great impact on almost all over the world such as social, economic, and political, Britain experienced an impact on political, social, and economic structures, exploitation, cultural differences such as in policy. Queen Elizabeth improved a new trading style, which caused to occur in cultural differences. Some events that witnessed history also affected and caused cultural change like Reformation, The Restoration Age, and the Victorian Age These historical events witnessed people’s mutual effect and its cultural differences between The Britain Empire and the other countries.
One of the other effects of colonization was the ideas of people. Society discovered its power by a new way of thinking “awareness of individualism.”Individuals realized that they were also important and strong as an empire. The people in society make the empire strong, and the person is discovered. It caused the birth of the ideology of “capitalism.”Everybody wanted to have all rights that they should have. It was a terrible thought for the state because it knew that one would influence the other and it could be an attack on the empire. Literature also improved because these ideas were reflected in the literal works and art. People learned to criticize and reflected their thoughts to works such as Charles Dickens, Adam Smith. With improvements in literature and having new perspectives, people were much more closer to logic and science.
In conclusion, Colonization, which has been one of the most important factors of British interaction throughout history, has increased international and interpersonal interaction. Thus, cultural changes have emerged through political, economic, artistic, and literary transfers from person to person and from society to society.